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Стилистический компонент слова и его лексикографическое отражение - часть 15

Notice the double bar // which is used to indicate a British / American difference.

Some words have a main spelling that is used in both British and American E, & a second spelling that can also be used in one of these varieties.

organize, also -ise BrE /o:gэnaiz // ‘o:r / to arrange...

This nuans that both BrE and AmE speakers use the spelling organize, but British speakers also use the spelling organise.

British and American word differences

There are many differences between BrE and AmE vocabulary. For example, a small farm that grows fruits and vegetables for sale is called a truck farm by American speakers and a market garden by British speakers. In cases like this, the main definition is given at the British word, and the American word is given as an alternative, like this:

market garden /,...’..../ BrE // truck farm AmE — an area for growing vegetables and fruits for sale

The American form also has its own short entry: truck farm /’.../ n AmE for market garden. Sometimes the differences are lessclear than this. For example, the word truck (meaning a heavy road vehicle) is used in both BrE and AmE. But many British speakers call this vehicle a lorry, whereas Americans never use this word. In cases like this, the main definition goes at the «World English» form, like this:

truck /trLk/ n. 1 also lorry BrE — a large motor vehicle for carrying goods in large qualities.

Truck has no label, so it can be used in any variety of English, but lorry — as the label shows — would only be used by British speakers.


Прил 9


Прил 10-1
Прил 10-2
Прил 10-3


Приложение XI

Расхождение американского и британского вариантов на лексическом уровне


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